Reflective Paper

Decision-making process

Executive Summary

Smartphone industry is booming with new companies entering the market. Samsung and Apple are the leading companies worldwide, however, in Asian market new businesses have emerged, and they are competing with these two giant manufacturers of smartphones. In communications and technology industry, change is inevitable. Companies in this industry have to exhibit great innovative skill so as to survive the changes.

In this paper, corporation of interest is Conneworld Company that is a new firm entering the global market. Conneworld is an international company targeting various markets in the all over the world. The firm is based in Europe. Currently, Conneworld operates in Europe and Asia. Conneworld is facing significant challenges in the market. Some of them include; first, Conneworld products are not well known in the international market. Second, the company is facing significant competition. Some of the competitors have well-established brands and have been in operation for some time thus they are able to attain customer loyalty.

Like any other organization, the company has objectives as well as key issues that affect its operation. Change and competition are among matters concerning the corporation while it aims to enhance communication and, at the same, increase sales. Key issues are derived from situation analysis whereby SWOT and PESTLE analyzes are conducted. Throughout this paper, skills taught in Cesim Simbrand are exhibited.

Reflective Report

Introduction

Smartphone industry is booming with new companies entering the market Samsung and Apple are the leading companies worldwide, however, in Asian market new companies have emerged, and they are competing with these two giant manufacturers of smartphones (Millward, 2014). In communications and technology industry, change is inevitable. Companies in this industry have to exhibit great innovative skill so as to survive the changes.

Conneworld is a new company entering the global market. It is a newly founded corporation thus has no history in the market. Its products are not well known to the customers. The company produces high-quality smartphones at lower prices. Conneworld's logo is a clear, detailed image of people holding hands and message written: the connecting world, where the name of the company is derived.

Conneworld is an international company targeting various markets all over the world. The company is based in Europe. Currently, Conneworld operates in Europe and Asia. The corporation is facing significant challenges in the market. Some of them include; first, Conneworld products are not well known in the international market. Second, the firm is facing significant competition. Some of the competitors have well-established brands and have been in operation for some time thus they are able to attain customer loyalty.

However, the company has some advantages that it needs to exploit so as to achieve competitive advantage over its competitors. Some of these benefits or rather opportunities include; first, Conneworld is producing products at a lower price. Price of the product is almost half of the price of outputs manufactured by other competitors like Apple Inc. and Samsung Electronics. Second, Conneworld Company manufactures products that are compatible with various operating systems of other corporations. Third, performance of smartphones produced by Conneworld company is great thus the product is of exceptional quality.

Body

Situation analysis

So as to understand the Conneworld Company better various studies have to be carried out. Some of these researches include situation analysis whereby the micro as well as macro environment will be analyzed. To efficiently conduct such examination various forces influencing the company have to be evaluated. The analysis is conducted through SWOT and PESTLE analysis (Pearce & Robinson, 2000).

SWOT analysis. Strengths. Like any other company, Conneworld Company has particular advantages that enable the firm to compete with other enterprises. Some of these strengths include; first, Conneworld Company serves the international market which grants it significant market share to cover. Second, Conneworld Company products are compatible with other operating systems. The compatibility makes it possible for the company to target various markets and thus to increase its market share.

Weaknesses. Conneworld Company is a new entrant in the international market. It is concentrated in European markets even though it is expanding to other markets like Asian market. Such orientation is hazardous for the company since failure in the European market can affect performance of the corporation negatively. The miscarriage can be attributed to new entries offering substitutes to the product of Conneworld Company.

Opportunities. Smartphone market is enlarging every day as consumers from various geographical locations embrace technology. Conneworld Company offers products at affordable prices in respond to the high demands thus covering markets in developed as well as developing countries. Low prices have increased sales of the company and this strategy grants the company competitive advantage over other corporations like Apple and Blackberry whose prices are very high.

Threats. Globalization has made it possible for new companies to enter the international market. New firms producing substitutes for existing products are entering the market and thus high competition is experienced. Competition threatens operation of the company.

PESTLE Analysis. Under PESTLE analysis external forces influencing operation of the company are evaluated. Politics is one of these factors affecting activity of the organization. Conneworld is an international company serving various countries with different political regimes. For instance, there are countries with democratic rule and other with monarchical form of government. Economy difference in the international market is another force that affects the operation of the company. Conneworld ventures in various types of economies as it sells its products in developed as well as developing countries. The company operates in communication and technology industry. As the technology changes, the activity of the company is affected since strategies have to be formulated to help the company survive the change.

Society and culture are the other external factor influencing the operation of the company. People from different locations have different tastes and preferences. Some people are conservative and do not welcome change thus not embracing the product manufactured by Conneworld as they perceive the product as a threat to their culture. However, many consumers around the globe are adopting technology thus affecting operations of Conneworld Company positively. Environment is one more factor influencing the functioning of the corporation. Climate change has increased sensitivity and thus services monitoring so as to curb emission of carbon that has caused global warming. The last factor is legal issue. Under this section, various laws have been implemented dictating the minimum wage as well as working hours of any employee. This factor has affected cost of production of the company thus resulting to constrain on execution of cheap price products strategy.

Key Issues

In its operations, Conneworld like any other communication and technology company comes across various issues. Some of these problems include change and competition. Situation analysis conducted above shows that any company in this industry has to exhibit exceptional innovative skills. The reason of this is the fact that technology is consistently changing, and companies are always evolving their products. For example, Apple Inc. began its operation several years ago with producing Macintosh series of products. So as to keep up with the changes the company was forced to improve its products to the latest Macintosh laptops. Difference between the first products of the company and products manufactured now is very high. Ability of the company to improve its products and to keep up with the changes has helped Apple Inc. to stay in operation for this long (Victor, 2012).

Keeping up with change is expensive. Various activities are carried out so that the company can improve its products and at the same time satisfy customers. Some of these activities include conducting market research. While carrying it out customer feedback is analyzed, and the product is improved to address the comments made by the consumers. This process ensures that customer satisfaction is achieved thus his loyalty is received. Customer loyalty brings about increased sales and thus more profit is experienced; company thus accomplishes its objectives (Victor, 2012).

In technology industry, various companies are emerging. For instance, in Asian market various companies have developed, especially Chinese smartphone manufacturers, like Xioma. These companies’ produce substitutes to products offered by Conneworld Company. These smartphones are of low prices and thus attracting more customers. Competition forces the company to formulate strategies that help it attain competitive advantage and, at the same time, accomplish its objectives and goals (Victor, 2012).

Objectives

To be successful a company has to set clear objectives that it has to accomplish (Pearce & Robinson, 2000). Like any other corporation, Conneworld Company has various objectives. First, Conneworld Company aims to enhance communication. Under this objective, the firm provides customers with communication devices to enable them get in touch despite the distance at low cost. In this regards, the company produces products that are almost half the prices of products manufactured by Samsung Electronics. Therefore, people from developing countries can purchase the smartphone and thus able to connect with people from other regions through Facebook and Twitter. Second, Conneworld aims to increase its sales thus improving its profit. Third, the company targets to provide its customers with qualitative substitute for product offered by giant smartphone makers like Samsung and Apple Inc.

Strategies

So as to achieve these objectives, Conneworld Company has to establish relevant strategies. In management it is a crucial aspect. Strategies act as guidelines to managers. They help them know how to coordinate resources so as to achieve the objectives set (Anderson, Sweeney, Williams, Camm & Martin, 2011). There are various forms of strategies that organizations follow so as to accomplish their purposes. Some of these types of strategies include; business level strategy, corporate strategy, and entrepreneurial strategy as well as cross-border strategy. On business level strategy, Conneworld decided to formulate hybrid strategy. It means that the company can produce high-quality products. Also, the strategy enables the company to manufacture products that are affordable to all sets of customers, especially, cost-sensitive consumers. Under corporate strategy, Conneworld Company has decided to undertake imitative strategy. It means that the company copies what is already presented in the market, for instance, the company offers smartphones at low prices like most of the Chinese smartphone makers. However, the corporation has to improve its products so it can attain competitive advantage over other firms.

Due to political and regulation differences existing in various countries, Conneworld Company has to establish individual cross-border strategy. This step is crucial as the firm serves the international market. Managerial team of Conneworld Company decided first to venture into markets that share laws and regulations dictated by PESTLE factors. As entrepreneurial strategy the company has taken offensive approach. In this regards, the corporation has copied other companies in the market. Conneworld Company combines these types of strategies to create a general strategy that helps the company to satisfy its customers and, at the same time, increase its sales thus accomplishing its objectives.

Decision Assessment

In order to know whether the strategy was effective or not decision assessment is necessary. So far, the business level strategy formulated by the managerial team has been of a positive impact on the success of the company. This is so since the firm can manufacture products for all economy classes that are the rich and the poor. It is obvious since the company offers products at a lower price yet the quality of the product is high. In this regards, the corporation can achieve its objective of enhancing communication and, at the same time, increase its sales. Due to this the company can enlarge its market share and thus make more sales which results in increased profit. The corporate strategy however needs to be improved. The company is producing what is already present in the market; it may become hard for the firm to attract customers since they can get what Conneworld Company is offering from other manufacturers of their choice.

Managerial team has to display excellent decision-making skills in this regard, or the company would fail to accomplish its objectives. Cross-border strategy, on the other hand, would help the company enter the international market at low cost. Targeting markets with similarities will enable the company to venture in diverse markets and thus increase its market share. Using this approach results in higher sales and thus the higher profit is gained. The entrepreneurial strategy has also to be improved. The change in corporate strategy would affect the approach of the company. For instance, if the firm adjusts its strategy to be pioneering it is forced to change its approach from offensive to defensive. Conneworld Company has invested a lot in advertising as well as exploiting the concept of the marketing mix so as to make the product known and thus attract more customers (Freeman, 2010).

Decision Rationale

Forecasting is essential for any continued success of an organization to be realized (Polasky, Carpenter, Folke & Keeler, 2011). Conneworld Company has decided to embrace the aspect of the advertisement, so as to make the avant-garde design. International market seems to be promising to the company even though it has only ventured in one region. If the corporation continues to improve its strategies in the next five years, it would have entered into many markets. According to decision round four, the high-end segment seems to appreciate the products Conneworld Company is offering. However, low-end segment customers have not completely approved product manufactured by the firm. Lack of the products being appreciated in low-end segment customers creates opportunity that ought to be exploited. Due to the advertisements use in the near future, the company’s product will be appreciated by low-end segment customers, too, thus the sales will increase.

Currently, Conneworld Company employs media advertisement as well as internet marketing. These advertisement channels are not enough, and the corporation has to use poster advertisement as well as conduct rallies whereby the company would deploy road show advertisements. Using all these forms of promotion, the company can reach out to many people. While conducting the road show the corporation can mix promotion and products in relation to the concept of the marketing mix to enhance effective advertisement (Proctor, 2014). Under this combination, company executives can demonstrate to potential customers advantages of the product and thus attract more consumers (Gronroos & Shostack, 1983).

Simulation Assessment

According to the fourth round of decision making, smartphone markets are forecasted to continue growing rapidly. This process can be explained with the fact that economies are improving with various markets embracing the introduction of smartphones. Future growth predicted in the second round seems to be possible as there are different segments in the markets whereas the product appears to be appreciated in only one segment. The segment, not appreciating the product manufactured by the firm, acts as a potential market for Conneworld Company.

Decisions made in the fourth rounds seem to be effective in helping the company achieve its objectives as well as goals. These decisions would impact positively on the performance of the firm in the near future. For instance, the decision of abandoning of advertisement would cost the company significantly. This solution is relevant as the company is not known to many, and advertisement is the only way to make the company's products being known to potential customers.

The decisions raised in these rounds also help formulate a strategy that the company can follow so as to improve its performance. According to them, the corporation has targeted particular potential customers. In regards to this, the company will be able to tailor-make products to satisfy the needs of these clients. In return, the firm would attain customer loyalty which is a competitive advantage. Performance of the company is thus affected positively as more sales are done which results in higher profit as well as communication enhancing. Communication is enhanced when large numbers of people have communications devices like smartphones. Performance of an organization is considered successful if it can achieve its objectives. In this case, the decision attributes to accomplishment of the goals thus performance of Conneworld Company being successful (Parnell, Driscoll & Henderson, 2011).

The decision made in the fourth round also shows that the company has the potential market to exploit. This is an opportunity that the company has to use so as to enhance accomplishment of its objectives. Forecasting made in the fourth round are therefore valid as it is clear that if the company uses the potential market it can experience rapid growth. The intention of the firm to use the potential market promotes achievement of the objectives. In this regards, market saturation experienced in European market would not affect performance of the market as it would have ventured into Asian market where the product is not saturated (Cesim Simbrand, 2014).

According to the decision of round four, it is clear that differences in segments experienced in European market are not as great as the differences in Asian market (Cesim Simbrand, 2014). These differences have great influence on the performance of the company. The distinction can be attributed to the fact that Europe is a developed continent while Asia is a developing continent.

Decisions made by my team are not far off the decisions made by other groups. This is so since the decisions are the same thus suggesting that I was able to complete the task in Cesim Simbrand successfully. Through simulation assessment, I am able to identify the skills that I have acquired while performing this task. I was able to understand the process of decision making as well as to find out that decisions made in operations of any organization significantly influence its performance.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it is clear that strategies are crucial for positive performance of an organization. They help managerial team to allocate resources so as to accomplish the objectives. With a clear strategy in place, smooth accomplishment of the objectives and goals can be realized. Apart from having strategies, decision-making process is vital, Simbrand helps understand this fact. One way or another, decision-making process influences execution of strategies and thus affects performance of any organization. For decision-making to be made effectively, organizations have to realize the alternatives so that they can choose the best decision that affects their operation positively. Situation analysis helps the decision-making process as it enables people to understand the operation environment of the organization better. Better understanding of operating environment helps to make best decisions thus smooth execution of strategies that result in accomplishment of organizational objectives can be granted.

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References

Anderson, D., Sweeney, D., Williams, T., Camm, J., & Martin, R. (2011). An Introduction to Management Science: Quantitative Approaches to Decision Making, Revised. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Cesim simbrand, (2014). Strategic marketing. Cesim.com. Retrieved from http://simbrand.cesim.com/student/Home?4

Freeman, R. E. (2010). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Gronroos, C., & Shostack, G. L. (1983). Strategic management and marketing in the service sector. Cambridge, MA: Marketing Science Institute.

Millward, S. (2014). 15 new Asian smartphone makers are hoping to crush Samsung and Apple. TECHINASIA. Retrieved from https://www.techinasia.com/2013-list-new-asian-homegrown-smartphone-brands/

Parnell, G. S., Driscoll, P. J., & Henderson, D. L. (Eds.). (2011). Decision-making in systems engineering and management. New York, NY: Wiley.

Pearce, J. A., & Robinson, R. B. (2000). Strategic management: Formulation, implementation, and control. New York, NT: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.

Polasky, S., Carpenter, S. R., Folke, C., & Keeler, B. (2011). Decision-making under great uncertainty: environmental management in an era of global change. Trends in ecology & evolution,26(8), 398-404.

Proctor, T. (2014). Strategic marketing: an introduction. London, UK: Routledge.

Victor, H. (2012). Top 10 smartphone makers: Nokia last, Motorola out as Chinese companies takeover. Phonearena.com. Retrieved from http://www.phonearena.com/news/Top-10-smartphone-makers-Nokia-last-Motorola-out-as-Chinese-companies-take-over_id36432

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