Annotated Bibliography on Harmful Effects of Television

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Harmful Effects of Television

Renee.“10 Interesting Facts about Television.” Product USP.23 Mar. 2009. Web. 28 Nov. 2010.

In Renee’s article 10 Interesting Facts About Television, Renee argues that Baird displayed the first television that had 30 lines. He, further, argues that the current television contains 1080 lines. He states that the most expensive television is a 103-inch plasma belonging to Panasonic. It costs about $ 70,000. Renee states, “By the time the American child reaches 14, on average, they have seen around 11,000 murders on television. According to Renee, the first advertisement was aired on 1 July 1941 and it cost about $9. The most expensive advertisement was aired in 2008 in a Super Bowl broadcast. It cost $2.7 million and aired for 30 seconds. The longest-running talk shows in the world are Late Late Show of Ireland and The Tonight Show. Renee also claims that Queen Elizabeth II launched her own YouTube channel after 50 years. With the advancement in technology, mobile users can now watch videos from their mobile phones.

The facts stated by this source are true. Current televisions produced by the electronic companies send digital signals. In addition, corporations spend a lot of money to set their air advertisements between television programs. This source could be used to support the notion that most people think that television is only beneficial, but fail to realize that it is much more detrimental than perceived. As technology improved, Sony produced VCRs that had the ability to record television shows. In addition, advancement in television technology has made it possible for people to view television programs through mobile phones. However, television has brought harm to society because it gives a possibility for American children to view programs that promote violence in society. It encourages children to participate in violence because they accept it as a normal thing in society.

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Cooper, Gary. “TV Advertising Is Bad for Children.” Associated Counselors & Therapists. Web. 28 Nov. 2010.

In Gary Cooper’s article TV Advertising is Bad for Children, Cooper argues that it is the high time that people started paying attention to the harmful effects TV advertisements have on the minds of children. He states, “…research suggests a growing link between children’s advertising and obesity, parent-child conflicts, violence, and aggression, later tobacco and alcohol use, and brittle self-esteem based on possessions. Several countries have started restricting children’s advertising because of its harmful effects. These countries include Greece, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Norway. Canada has banned all advertisements that imply a particular product, which will make children happy. According to Cooper, APA’s Task Force on Advertising and Children supported a proposal aimed at blocking all the advertisements to children below eight years old. This task force argues that people should view children as victims of advertising and not as consumers. This is because children do not have cognitive filters and, thus, they are not able to recognize the advertisements that have biased information.

Most of the facts stated by this source on children’s advertising are true. Most children believe what they hear about advertisements. Children will most likely practice what they see aired in adverts. When children see that a particular product, for example, energy drink, will make them stronger, they will most probably take this energy drink so that they become strong. This source could be used to show the harmful effects that have been brought by televisions airing children’s advertisements. Advertisements have promoted violence and aggression among children. In addition, advertisements that show children eating junk food have promoted the rate of obesity in America. Researchers have also established that children’s advertisements may make children abuse alcohol and tobacco in the future.

Freedman, Donna. “Can Your Life Be Richer Without TV?” MSN Money. Web. 28 Nov. 2010.

In Donna Freedman’s article Can Your Life Be Richer Without TV? Freedman argues that people who do not have cable television are healthier and wealthier. He states that these people spend less money because they have less exposure to advertisements and product placements. In addition, their children do not demand expensive trips or toys. Such people are also better physically and emotionally developed, because they spend more time volunteering, exercising, and interacting with the family members. Freedman argues that most students do not have time to study for their coursework, but they know all the programs that air on the television. Freedman says, “Doebler estimates they’ve saved $4,000 in cable costs over the past nine years. The kids do not clamor for the latest breakfast cereals or playthings either. Freedman also claims that people’s self-esteem improves when they do not watch television programs. This is because television programs portray that only skinny women are beautiful.

Most things that this article says are true. People who spend less time watching television are healthier compared to the people who spend most of their time watching television. This is because they use this time to engage in physical exercises. This source could be used to show how television has brought harmful effects to society. Students spend most of their time watching television programs instead of worrying about their studies. In addition, families spend many funds in paying for cable and satellite television. This money could be used to pay for children’s health insurance or other expenses. In addition, television makes parents incur many expenses when they purchase toys that children see on advertisements. Some television programs also make viewers lose their self-esteem because of the messages from advertisements.

Limi TV. “Health Effects of Excessive TV Watching by Children.” Limit TV. Web. 29 Nov. 2010.

In Limi TV’s article, Health Effects of Excessive TV Watching by Children Limi TV argues that watching television has harmful effects on the health of children. It exposes children to the risk of being overweight and developing diabetes. According to Limi TV, “A number of studies have linked being overweight with TV watching because it both reduces children’s physical activity and subjects them to ads promoting foods with high fat and sugar content.” Researchers have also established that children who watch television face the risk of developing attention deficit disorder (ADD), and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD). Limi TV also argues that watching television advertisements might cause children’s emotional problems development. Their self-esteem might be lowered by certain advertisements. When children watch television at an early age they face the risk of developing manual dexterity.

Most of the facts revealed by Limi TV were true. Television advertisements help in promoting obesity among children because some adverts promote eating foods containing fats and sugars. In addition, researchers have discovered that children develop ADHD when they watch television, because the sounds and images produced by television sets may make the child mimic dynamic behavior. This source could be used to prove how televisions have caused adverse health effects on children. The invention of television could be blamed for the rising cases of diabetes and obesity among American children. Most children forego physical exercises so that they can spend this time watching their favorite television programs. Lack of physical exercise exposes children to the risk of developing high blood pressure and heart failure.

O’Heir, Andrew. The Myths of Media Violence. Boston: Longman. 2009. Print

In Andrew O’Heir’s article, The Myths of Media Violence, O’Heir presents the argument made by Clinton. According to Clinton, adolescent children waste their time engaging in immoral trash such as Grand Theft Auto. Clinton further argues that this game encourages children to have sex with prostitutes and later murder them. Clinton states that there is a clear link between how media violence contributed to teenage crime in the real world and this could have been the main cause of the Columbine massacre. She argued that violent media teaches children that it is not wrong to abuse people because they are women or from a different race. According to O’Hier, “My own kids are still too young for this question to matter much, but of course, I hold onto the naive hope that they’ll spend their formative years hiking the Appalachians and reading about the Byzantine Empire, rather than vegetating in media sludge.” However, O’Hier also states that some researchers have established that media violence does not necessarily lead to violence. He gives the findings Jenkins that revealed that the idea of violent media contributing to the crime was inadequate and simplistic.

I agree with most of the facts presented in this article. It is true that some of the violent video games contribute to the increase in crime. Some games send the message that it is right to kill a person whom you are not agreeing with. This source can be used to show how modern media has affected the mind of young children by encouraging them to be violent. Some games use vulgar language, and it will encourage children to use vulgar words while communicating with other people. In addition, it can be used to present the views of critics who feel that media violence does not contribute to real-life violence. Such people argue that the studies on the effects of media violence on real violence are inadequately funded and inconclusive.

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