Urinary Tract Infection
The urinary system is one of the most important in our body and consists of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, and urethra. It is closely connected with people’s genitals and diseases of this system have become very common among the population. In addition, there exist different whole groups of pathogens, many of which can be sexually transmitted. Urinary tract infection can have a different nature, depending on the consequences of the disease: viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic.
What are the most common diseases of this system?
Most often, people may suffer such infectious diseases of the urinary system as pyelitis, pyelonephritis, and cystitis. Pyelitis and pyelonephritis are diseases of the urinary tract caused by the ingestion of organs of the urinary system of microorganisms, such as staphylococci and streptococci, as well as E.coli (Flores-Mireles, Walker, Caparon & Hultgren, 2015). Pyelitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the renal pelvis, which spreads to the renal parenchyma, and is later complicated by nephritis, which leads to the development of pyelonephritis.
What are the main symptoms and causes of urinary system diseases?
All diseases of the urinary system often appear as complications of other infectious diseases, for example, sore throats or scarlet fever. Typical symptoms of pyelitis/pyelonephritis in the acute phase are a very high temperature, weakness, and headaches. In addition, there is often pain in the lumbar region, which moves toward the groin area. The turbidity of urine is one of the indicators of pyelitis, as it has pus in it. The formation of the pus provokes inflammation of the urinary tract.
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Are there any features of clinical manifestations of such diseases?
In most cases, men have a lesion of the lower parts of the urinary tract, because they have a long urethra. Accordingly, they have more symptoms of the disease, such as painful urination, rubbing in the urinary canal, heaviness in the perineal region, and other similar symptoms. If you have signs of the disease, you should immediately visit a doctor. In most cases, such problems as urethritis and prostatitis may appear. Urinary tract infections can occur in men’s life through abnormalities of the urinary tract, anal sex, or due to improper hygiene (Foxman, 2014). Women usually suffer from urinary tract infections of an ascending type. It is caused by the peculiarities of the canal structure. For example, it is thick and short, the pathogen easily enters the bladder, and then moves to the kidneys.
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What is the treatment of urinary system diseases?
Diagnosis and treatment of urinary system diseases include the following procedures.
Firstly, it is diagnostic of the disease. If the infection of the urinary tract has bright symptoms, the doctors and laboratory assistants make complete blood and urine tests for microflora, which are carefully analyzed. Secondly, the doctor can prescribe an X-ray to identify possible affected organs, in order to determine the level of the lesion and the degree of the disease development. Usually, doctors use sulfonamides and antibiotics for the treatment of urinary tract infections. In cases of pyelonephritis and cystitis, generous drinks (drinks that do not irritate the mucous membranes), dairy, and vegetable diets are prescribed. The patient should avoid overcooling, take a soothing warm bath, and warm up the lower abdomen. Thirdly, a doctor has to prescribe the appropriate drug treatment for the patient with diagnosed disease. The doctor can also prescribe surgery at difficult stages of the incidence.
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Where can you find more information about urinary system diseases?
Every day, thousands of people feel the negative symptoms of incomprehensible diseases. Unfortunately, not every sick person can determine the reasons for his ailment in time and contact a doctor to eliminate it. For more information on the field of urinary system diseases, you can visit Urology Care Foundation online at www.urologyhealth.org and American Urological Association online at www.auanet.org.